Reassessing Serosurvey-Based Estimates of the Zika Symptomatic Proportion.

Publication Type  Journal Article
Year of Publication  2019
Authors  Mitchell, P.; Mier-y-Teran-Romero, L.; Biggerstaff, B.; Delorey, M.; Aubry, M.; Cao-Lormeau, V. M.; Lozier, M.; Cauchemez, S.; Johansson, M.
Journal Title  Am J Epidemiol
Volume  188
Issue  1
Pages  206-213
Journal Date  2019

Since the 2007 Zika epidemic in Yap, it has been apparent that not all people infected with Zika virus (ZIKV) experience symptoms. However, the proportion of infections that result in symptoms remains unclear. Existing estimates varied in their interpretation of symptoms due to other causes and the case definition used, and assumed perfect test sensitivity and specificity. Using a Bayesian model and data from ZIKV serosurveys in Yap (2007), French Polynesia (2013-14), and Puerto Rico (2016), we found that assuming perfect sensitivity and specificity generally led to lower estimates of the symptomatic proportion. Incorporating reasonable assumptions for assay sensitivity and specificity, we estimated that 27% (95% Credible Interval: 1537%) (Yap), 44% (26-66%) (French Polynesia), and 50% (34-92%) (Puerto Rico) of infections were symptomatic, with variation due to differences in study populations, study designs, and case definitions. The proportion of ZIKV infections causing symptoms is critical for surveillance system design and impact assessment. Here, we accounted for key uncertainties in existing seroprevalence data and found that estimates for the symptomatic proportion ranged from 27% to 50%, suggesting that while the majority of infections are asymptomatic or mildly symptomatic, symptomatic infections might be more common than previously estimated.

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