Absence of Serological Evidence of Rickettsia spp., Bartonella spp., Ehrlichia spp.and Coxiella burnetii nfections in American Samoa.

Publication Type  Journal Article
Year of Publication  2016
Authors  Lau, C.; Musso, D.; Fournier, P. E.; Parola, P.; Weinstein, P.
Journal Title  Tick and tick-borne diseases
Volume  7
Issue  5
Pages  703-5
Journal Date  2016
Abstract  

Little is known about the epidemiology of zoonotic diseases in American Samoa (Pacific). A review of literature did not identify any published information on human Rickettsia spp., Bartonella spp., Ehrlichia spp. or Coxiella burnetii infections in this country. To determine the presence of these diseases, we conducted a serosurvey of American Samoans. The presence of immunoglobulin G antibodies against Rickettsia felis, Rickettsia typhi, Rickettsia conorii, C. burnetii, Bartonella henselae, Bartonella quintana, and Ehrlichia chaffeensis was evaluated by indirect immunofluorescence assay in sera from 197 American Samoan adults. None of the samples had antibodies at a significant level against Rickettsia spp., Bartonella spp., Ehrlichia spp. or C. burnetii (seroprevalence 0%; one-tailed 95% CI 0-1.86%). We cannot conclude that these pathogens are absent in American Samoa but, if present, their prevalence is probably very low. Q fever has been reported worldwide except in New Zealand and French Polynesia; these new data suggest that the prevalence of Q fever is likely to be very low in the Pacific Islands.

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